Anthony Perkins with cats
Disorders of thought possession
Disorders of thought posession in schizophrenia are sometimes called thought alienation. The patient has the experience that his thoughts are under the control of an outside agency or that others are participating in his thinking.
Thought insertion: The patient believes that thought that are not his own are being put into his mind by an external agency.
Thought withdrawal: The patient believes that thoughts are being removed from his mind by an external agency.
Thought broadcasting: The patient believes that his thought are being ‘read’ by others, as if they were being broadcast.
Thought blocking: Involves a sudden interruption of the train of though, before it is completed, leaving a ‘blank’. The patient suddenly stops talking and cannot recall what he has been saying or thinking.
Translated as “water on the brain,” hydrocephalus is a condition where cerebrospinal fluid accumulates in the ventricles of the brain. With the increase of fluid, the pressure on the brain and skull is increased as well. This usually results in skull enlargement, learning disabilities, seizures, and tunnel vision. There have been several treatments developed to decrease the amount of fluid in the brain, though there is still no way to cure it completely.
In India, an extreme case of hydrocephalus has been reported in a girl named Roona Begum, whose head has swollen to 94 centimeters (37 in) in circumference. Just for reference, the circumference of an average baby’s skull is about 35.5 centimeters (14 in). Her head got to the point where she could barely move, because she was carrying an extra five liters of fluid in her head.
She was being taken care of in a two-room hut in India by her 18-year-old father, who was making a little more than $2 a day. Her head had grown so large she was unable to see because her eyelids had stretched so far upwards. Thankfully, over $60,000 has since been raised for Roona to receive the necessary surgery to release the liquid in her head.
Andrew Scott & Michael Fassbender